If you have recently become the proud owner of a young dog, it is necessary that you teach him the basic rules of good house manners before he is accepted as a house pet.
The first major problems you will come across are floor wetting and a dislike of being left alone at night. In both these cases, prevention is better than cure.
If a puppy is too severely chastised for any little mistakes, fear may drive him to uncontrollable wetting, which in adulthood could turn into nervousness or aggressiveness.
It is advisable to put the pup outside every two or three hours, especially after a meal or a wild game.
Corrective methods are most effective if the pup is caught in the act, as he can then be carried outside, while the word “outside” is repeated.
You will find that in a few days he will start to make frequent trips out of doors, and the floor wetting will be reduced to a minimum.
Continue the same corrective methods and when the act is performed outside, it is wise to praise the pup on his return to the house.
During this stage, it is advisable not to leave water within the pup’s easy reach, but to give it to him about a quarter of an hour before a set mealtime. The bowel movements should then be comparatively regular and should occur shortly after the meal.
To Bed Alone
However, once the dog is house trained, do not forget to give him easy access to a bowl of water at all times.
When the pup finds himself in a new home he frequently objects to being put to bed alone. Never make the mistake of taking him to bed with you for the first few nights, as once formed, the habit is hard to break.
From the start give him his own bed and for the first few nights put him to bed before you, so that you can reprove him sternly if he objects too loudly.
After a few nights of careful control, he will become accustomed to sleeping on his own.
It is advisable to give the pup his last feed two or three hours before bedtime so that he can work it off and have a run outside before he settles down.
When house training and sleeping have been accomplished, one of the next problems is to teach your new pet to wear a collar and lead and to obey commands.
Introduce the pup to the collar for only short periods and do not leave him alone in the early stages. Young dogs have been known to tear muscles and fracture limbs in an effort to get out of the collar.
After the first few times, the pup will get used to the collar and forget about it. Then is the time to attach the lead.
This will also prove strange in the beginning and your pet will struggle and then sit stubbornly and pull against the lead.
Encourage the pup to come forward, at the same time pulling the lead firmly. But only make the lessons short.
When he has learned to follow at heel in this manner, he should be taken for his first walk.
His wild dashes towards new things should be checked as gently as possible with help of the lead and the command ‘”heel” or “to heel” spoken each time.